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Some Question if COVID 19 Cytokine Storm is Real

Researchers from Radboud University Medical Center intensive care (IC) department compared  the concentration of tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha) and interleukins 6 and 8 (IL-6, IL-8) between COVID 19 patients and those with ARDS (Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome) and septic shock.  COVID 19 patients did …

Tocilizumab and Anakinra for Cytokine Storm

Scientists consider whether anti-cytokine therapies tocilizumab and anakinra might alleviate disease severity in COVID 19.   Tocilizumab (an IL-6 blocker) has been tested with possible benefit.  These results have been mixed.   Anakinra (an anti-IL-1 medication) as also tested with mixed results.  These drugs have been used for …